Resilience is the ability of socio-ecological systems to cope with and adapt to change. Resilient systems are adaptable, flexible, and prepared for change and uncertainty. Most of the research done on marine social-ecological systems (SESs) has been focused on the transformations of marine ecosystems and their ecological functions. It is impossible to address today's great challenges in global marine change and sustainability without a better understanding of how real and enduring social transformation comes about and how, where appropriate, it can be initiated, promoted or (re)directed. This project goes beyond the state of the art by examining social transformations of marine SESs. A social transformation here is defined as a significant change in the structure (e.g., fishers, enterprises, markets, institutions) of SESs, amd may be predicatable or unpredictable.
Although there is general agreement that understanding where and how humans use the oceans is an essential component of marine resource planning and management, the associated social transformations are still largely unexplored. According to the ICES Strategic Plan (2014-2018), achieving integrated ecosystem understanding requires an interdisciplinary approach including knowledge of marine ecosystems, their connectivity and interdependency of ecosystem components and social and economic activities related to these ecosystems. Here, we contribute to this goal by investigating global cases of social transformation and the reasons for such transformation as well as a detailed carrying out a detailed examination of key case studies in Europe.
The specific objectives are to:
At an international level, this includes presentation of preliminary and final results at meetings, in international scientific journals, and via popular science media. The main product of this project will be the reconstruction of social transformations of marine SESs in Europe. In particular, the expected outputs for key selected case studies will be the following:
Gonzalo Macho, University of Vigo
Begoña Santos, IEO
Edelmiro Ulloa, ARVI
Cristina Pita, University of Aveiro
Ana Moreno, IPMA
Graham Pierce, University of Aberdeen and University of Aveiro
Katia Frangoudes, Ifremer
Left: www.marportactivities.com. Top right: Ifremer - Olivier Dugornay. Bottom right: Gonzalo Macho.