SCICOM Steering Group on Ecosystem Pressures and Impacts



SSGEPISSGEPITrueHenn OjaveerSCICOMhenn.ojaveer@ut.eeSCICOM Steering Group on Ecosystem Pressures and Impacts

Understanding the relationship between human activities and marine ecosystems

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ICES Steering Group on Ecosystem Pressures and Impacts (SSGEPI) estimates pressures and impacts between human activities and marine ecosystems, and develops science-based sustainable pathways for human use.

Tools and methods are developed by the steering group that enable an improved assessment of the relationships between marine ecosystems, their biological resources, and the provision of services to society, including the human dimension.

Advancing EPI understanding in the ICES context​


  • estimating long-term trends of human impacts on marine ecosystems by developing historical baselines of population and community structure and production to be used as reference points
  • understanding, quantifying, and mitigating multiple impacts of human activity on populations and ecosystems
  • developing methods to quantify multiple direct and indirect impacts from various anthropogenic activities
  • estimating the vulnerability of marine ecosystems to these impacts
  • developing approaches to mitigate these impacts
  • developing indicators of human activities pressure
  • providing evidence in support of the sustainable provision of ecosystem goods and services

ICES has five Steering Groups (SSGs), which provide a home for our Expert Groups. The membership of each SSG consists of a the chairs of the Expert Groups affiliated to the SSG, plus an SSG Chair. The SSGs manage the science portfolio and ensure that delivery is coordinated and driven by the needs of the ICES Implementation Plan, as well as by bottom-up developments.

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